Institutional innovations in African smallholder carbon projects

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Institutional innovations in African smallholder carbon projects

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Title: Institutional innovations in African smallholder carbon projects
Author: Shames S, Wollenberg E, Buck LE, Kristjanson P, Masiga M, Biryahwaho B
AGROVOC Keywords: CLIMATE; CARBON; AGROFORESTRY; SMALL FARMS
Date: 2012-07-24
Publisher: CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security
Citation: Shames S, Wollenberg E, Buck LE, Kristjanson P, Masiga M, Biryahwaho B. 2012. Institutional innovations in African smallholder carbon projects. CCAFS Report 8. Copenhagen, Denmark: CCAFS.
Series/Report No.: CCAFS Report;8
Abstract: This paper synthesizes the insights of six African agricultural carbon project case studies and identifies institutional innovations among these projects that are contributing to long-term project success while maximizing benefits and minimizing risk for participating farmers. We review project organization and management, the structure and role of community groups within the projects, costs and benefits for managers and farmers, strategies to manage risks to farmers, and efforts to support women’s participation. Projects have developed organizational systems for financial management, agricultural extension, and carbon monitoring. All of these were managed by project management entities, with farmers implementing practices and supporting monitoring systems. Most projects engaged farmers in small groups and larger clusters of groups, which enabled broad participation, efficient contracting, timely communication, provision of extension services, benefit-sharing, and gender-focused activities. Direct carbon payments to farmers were low. Consequently projects needed to manage expectations around benefits carefully, support more efficient systems of aggregation and ensure non-cash benefits for farmers. Managing power dynamics within and among farmer groups was a significant challenge to ensuring equitable decision-making and participation. Mechanisms for settling conflict over land and benefits were also critical. We present action research questions that emerged from the first phase of this work and discuss the future of the initiative. Case studies about each agriculture carbon project from which our analysis is drawn can be downloaded along with the main report.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/21222
Status: Open Access
Country: ETHIOPIA, GHANA, KENYA, UGANDA
Region: AFRICA, EAST AFRICA, WEST AFRICA
CGIAR research program: CLIMATE CHANGE, AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY
Subject Focus: PRO-POOR CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION

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Files Size Format View Description
CCAFS8WEB.pdf 3.128Mb PDF Thumbnail Final report
AfricanAgCarbon-CaseStudy-CARE.pdf 464.8Kb PDF Thumbnail Sustaining Agriculture through Climate Change (SACC): CARE International Case study
AfricanAgCarbon-CaseStudy-CocoaCarbon.pdf 552.4Kb PDF Thumbnail Cocoa Carbon Initiative
AfricanAgCarbon-CaseStudy-Ecotrust.pdf 622.5Kb PDF Thumbnail Trees for Global Benefit Program: Environmental Conservation Trust (ECOTRUST) of Uganda
AfricanAgCarbon-CaseStudy-Humbo.pdf 1.175Mb PDF Thumbnail Humbo Ethiopia Assisted Natural Regeneration Project
AfricanAgCarbon-CaseStudy-Tist.pdf 629.4Kb PDF Thumbnail The International Small Group Tree Planting Program (TIST) Kenya
AfricanAgCarbon-CaseStudy-ViAgroforestry.pdf 922.0Kb PDF Thumbnail Western Kenya Smallholder Agriculture Carbon Finance Project: Vi Agroforestry
CCAFS_Rpt8-94px.jpg 17.15Kb JPEG image Thumbnail thumbnail

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