Forest management decentralization in Kenya: Effects on household farm forestry decisions in Kakamega
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Nyangena, W., Ogada, M.J. and Sikei, G. 2011. Forest management decentralization in Kenya: Effects on household farm forestry decisions in Kakamega. Paper presented at the 18th annual conference of the European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists (EAERE), Rome, Italy 29 June-2 July 2011.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/16690
This study investigates the effects of forest decentralization through the Kenya Forest Act of 2005, on farm forestry investment decisions. The study uses household-level data collected from Kakamega forest communities in March, 2010, and controls for selection bias arising from incidental truncation by means of Heckman two-step approach. Our results reveal that participatory forest management, among other factors, significantly reduces the level of farm forestry investment among the poor rural households. This indicates that, although co-management is useful in protecting the existing government forests, a cocktail of other measures must accompany it for increased forest cover to be realized. These measures could include: increased farmer education, introduction of high-value fast-maturing farm trees and farm forestry incentive schemes.