Institutional aspects of artisanal mining in forest landscapes, western Congo Basin
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Schure, J., Ingram, V., Tieguhong, J.C., Ndikumagenge, C. 2011. Institutional aspects of artisanal mining in forest landscapes, western Congo Basin . In: Runge, J., Shikwati, J. (eds.). Geological resources and good governance in Sub-Saharan Africa: holistic approaches to transparency and sustainable development in the extractive sector. London, UK, CRC Press. ISBN: 978-0-415-58267-4..
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/20821
This contribution examines the multiple impacts of artisanal mining in the high-biodiversity forest of the Congo Basin’s Sangha Tri-National Landscape (TNS), and proposes measures for improving livelihoods in the area. It was concluded from a literature review, interviews and site visits that: diamonds and gold are an important but highly variable income source for at least 5% of the area’s population; environmental impacts are temporary and limited, mainly caused by mining inside the parks; overlaps between artisanal small-scale mining (ASM), large-scale mining (LSM), timber concessions, and national and trans-boundary protected areas have intensified competition for land resources; and despite the existence of legal frameworks, ASM is largely informal. Cross-boundary agreements concerning the TNS do not address mining, albeit a regional approach of mining policies is recommendable to reinforce beneficial outcomes for the landscape and the area’s population.