State of Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Efforts for Agriculture in Senegal
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Samari H. 2011. State of climate change adaptation and mitigation efforts for agriculture in Senegal. Copenhagen, Denmark: CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture, and Food Security (CCAFS).
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/21195
With a 700 km coastline and a huge portion of the territory located in the Sahelian region, Senegal is under a triple threat in terms of climate change impact and effects. From the Ocean, there are concerns over the ever-increasing coastal erosion. From the sky, rainfalls have been fluctuating over the past four decades with damaging effects on agriculture and livestock. On the land, overgrazing, poaching, desertification and deforestation are some of the major challenges for policymakers and famers. The most direct consequences are droughts, floods and food shortage such as those of 2002, 2003 and 2007, which led the government to step in and provide close to XOF 30 billion worth of food assistance to rural communities. To help contain these challenges and avoid further occurrence of such tragedies in the future, the government, farmers, NGOs and international partners have either teamed up or worked individually on numerous mitigation/adaptation-centered projects and programs. As a result of imbalances in policy priorities, and due to financial scarcity, there is a category of projects and programs that can be described as success stories, while another category includes cases of setbacks and undermined outcomes. The third category involves longer-term initiatives whose results remain to be seen.