Livestock market access and opportunities in Turkana, Kenya
MetadataShow full item record
Watson, D.J.; Binsbergen, J. van. 2008. Livestock market access and opportunities in Turkana, Kenya. ILRI Research Report. no. 3. 106p. Nairobi (Kenya): ILRI.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/238
This study assesses the livestock market access and opportunities in Turkana, Kenya. Section one is introduction and it characterises traditional nomadic pastoralism in Turkana and discusses the changing character of nomadic pastoralism in the contemporary period. Section two characterizes people and livestock in Turkana. It determines the human and livestock populations and estimates the spread of both human and livestock populations as well as livestock numbers per household. This is followed by a section that estimates the livestock carrying capacity of distinct bio-physical zones (rangeland units). This is followed by a section that introduces the traditional livestock marketing systems in Turkana. The livestock marketing systems were characterized through an extensive literature review and field research during the first quarter of 2006. Then the report focuses specifically on the problems associated with livestock marketing in Turkana, including the subsistence of pastoralists, weak market infrastructure, structural inefficiencies and high transaction costs, low and variable producer prices, and the lack of political capital amongst both livestock producers and livestock traders. Then it characterizes contemporary livestock marketing in Turkana. It begins by outlining a relational typology of livestock markets and then goes on to characterize the main markets and local demand focusing on a detailed characterization of livestock flows, both within and outside the district. A range of options/recommendations that have the potential to increase the number of pastoralists profitably accessing livestock markets in Turkana are presented. This section stresses the need for quality research to underpin rational and sustainable interventions in livestock marketing in Turkana. It addresses the need to fill key knowledge gaps.