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dc.contributor.authorKierstein, G.
dc.contributor.authorVallinoto, M.
dc.contributor.authorSilva, A.
dc.contributor.authorSchneider, M.P.
dc.contributor.authorIannuzzi, L.
dc.contributor.authorBrenig, B.
dc.date.accessioned2013-06-11T09:23:00Z
dc.date.available2013-06-11T09:23:00Z
dc.date.issued2004
dc.identifier.citationMolecular Phylogenetics and Evolution;30(2): 308-324
dc.identifier.issn1055-7903
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10568/29270
dc.description.abstractThe phylogeny of water buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) is still a matter of discussion, especially if the two types of domestic water buffalo (swamp and river) derived from different domestication events or if they are products of human selection. To obtain more insight, we analyzed the entire mitochondrial D-loop region of 80 water buffaloes of four different breeds, i.e., 19 swamp buffaloes (Carabao) and 61 river buffaloes (Murrah, Jafarabadi, and Mediterranean), sampled in Brazil and Italy. We detected 36 mitochondrial haplotypes with 128 polymorphic sites. Pooled with published data of South-East Asian and Australian water buffaloes and based on comprehensive median-joining network and population demography analyses we show evidence that both river and swamp buffaloes decent from one domestication event, probably in the Indian subcontinent. However, the today swamp buffaloes have an unravelled mitochondrial history, which can be explained by introgression of wild water buffalo mtDNA into domestic stocks. We are also discussing indications for an independent domestication of buffaloes in China.
dc.language.isoen
dc.sourceMolecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
dc.subjectWATER BUFFALOES
dc.subjectDOMESTICATION
dc.subjectMITOCHONDRIA
dc.subjectDNA
dc.subjectPHYLOGENY
dc.titleAnalysis of mitochondrial D-loop region casts new light on domestic water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) phylogeny
dc.typeJournal Article
cg.subject.ilriBUFFALO
cg.subject.ilriLIVESTOCK
cg.subject.ilriGENETICS
cg.identifier.statusLimited Access
cg.identifier.doihttps://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1055-7903(03)00221-5


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