Livestock development projects that make a difference: What works, what doesn't and why
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Pell, A., Stroebel, A. and Kristjanson, P. 2010. Livestock development projects that make a difference: What works, what doesn't and why. IN: Swanepoel, F., Stroebel, A. and Moyo, S., The role of livestock in developing communities: Enhancing multifunctionality. Cape Town, South Africa: University of the Free State and CTA: 13-29.
Permanent link to cite or share this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/3091
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A conceptual framework is proposed, based on a set of six working principles that underlie sustainable poverty reduction for livestock research and development. Arising from empirical examples and lessons, the principles recognize: i) livestock ownership forms part of rural people’s livelihood strategies, which usually are a series of complex trade-offs given the many issues and problems faced by smallholder farmers; ii) livestock play multiple roles in providing livelihoods for the poor, and the implications of all these contributions should be considered in assessing their benefits, improving household nutrition, and maintaining social capital; iii) the outcomes and impacts of livestock-related interventions generally are relatively longterm compared to those from crops, and often require significant initial investment; iv) livestock production is constrained by institutions, markets and policies, as well as technical issues and requires interdisciplinary approaches; v) successful livestock programmes are contingent on broad stakeholder involvement from initial planning to project conclusion; vi) and women make significant contributions to livestock rearing and should benefit from these inputs. These principles are elucidated by practical examples of research for livestock-focused development projects. Supported with evidence from the literature, the examples illustrate applications of these principles. It is concluded that they can increase the likelihood that research for development efforts related to livestock will contribute to poverty reduction and sustainable natural resource management.