Genetic characterization of infectious bursal disease virus isolates in Ethiopia
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Jenberie, S., Lynch, S.E., Kebede, F., Christley, R., Gelaye, E., Negussie, H., Asmare, K. and Ayelet, G. 2013. Genetic characterization of infectious bursal disease virus isolates in Ethiopia. Acta Tropica 130: 39-43.
Permanent link to cite or share this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10568/33888
The objective of the investigation was to characterize infectious bursal disease viruses (IBDV) circulating in commercial and breeding poultry farms in Ethiopia between 2009 and 2011. The nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequence for VP2 hypervariable region of ten IBDVs were determined by RT-PCR, sequenced and compared to well characterised IBDV isolates worldwide. IBDV genetic material was amplified directly from bursa or cell passaged material. Phylogenetically, Ethiopian IBDVs represented two genetic lineages: very virulent (vv) IBDVs or variants of the classical attenuated vaccine strain (D78). The nucleotide identity between Ethiopian vvIBDVs ranged between 0% to 2.6%. Ethiopian vvIBDVs are clustered phylogenetically with the African IBDV genetic lineage, independent of the Asian/European lineage. This report demonstrates the circulation of vvIBDV in commercial and breeding poultry farms in Ethiopia.