Rice and climate change: significance for food security and vulnerability
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Mohanty S, Wassmann R, Nelson A, Moya P, Jagadish SVK. 2013. Rice and climate change: significance for food security and vulnerability. IRRI Discussion Paper Series No. 49. Los Baños, Philippines: International Rice Research Institute (IRRI).
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/33961
Internet URL: http://books.irri.org/DPS49_content.pdf
Rice is produced in a wide range of locations and under a variety of climatic conditions, from the wettest areas in the world to the driest deserts. It is produced along Myanmar’s Arakan Coast, where the growing season records an average of more than 5,100 mm of rainfall, and at Al Hasa Oasis in Saudi Arabia, where annual rainfall is less than 100 mm. World rice production is spread across at least 114 countries (FAO 2013) and rice is grown on 144 million farms worldwide—more than for any other crop. In Asia, it provides livelihoods not only for the millions of small- scale farmers and their families but also for the many landless workers who derive income from working on these farms. Rice also dominates overall crop production (as measured by the share of crop area harvested of rice) and overall food consumption (as measured by the share of rice in total caloric intake) to a much greater extent in rice-producing Asia than elsewhere in the world.