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dc.contributor.authorDuncan, Alan J.
dc.contributor.authorTeufel, Nils
dc.contributor.authorMekonnen, Kindu
dc.contributor.authorSingh, V.K.
dc.contributor.authorBitew, A.
dc.contributor.authorGebremedhin, Berhanu
dc.date.accessioned2013-11-08T09:50:31Z
dc.date.available2013-11-08T09:50:31Z
dc.date.issued2013-12-15
dc.identifier.citationDuncan, A.J., Teufel, N., Mekonnen, K., Singh, V.K., Bitew, A. and Gebremedhin, B. 2013. Dairy intensification in developing countries: Effects of market quality on farm-level feeding and breeding practices. Animal 7(12):2054-2062.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10568/33973
dc.description.abstractSmallholder dairy production represents a promising income generating activity for poor farmers in the developing world. Because of the perishable nature of milk, marketing arrangements for collection, distribution and sale are important for enhanced livelihoods in the smallholder dairy sector. In this study we examined the relationship between market quality and basic feeding and breeding practices at farm level. We define market quality as the attractiveness and reliability of procurement channels and associated input supply arrangements. We took as our study countries, India with its well-developed smallholder dairy sector, and Ethiopia where the smallholder dairy industry has remained relatively undeveloped despite decades of development effort. We conducted village surveys among producer groups in 90 villages across three States in India and two Regions in Ethiopia. Producer groups were stratified according to three levels of market quality – high, medium and low. Data showed that diet composition was relatively similar in India and Ethiopia with crop residues forming the major share of the diet. Concentrate feeding tended to be more prominent in high market quality sites. Herd composition changed with market quality with more dairy (exotic) cross-bred animals in high market quality sites in both India and Ethiopia. Cross-bred animals were generally more prominent in India than Ethiopia. Herd performance within breed did not change a great deal along the market quality gradient. Parameters such as calving interval and milk yield were relatively insensitive to market quality. Insemination of cross-bred cows was predominantly by artificial insemination (AI) in India and accounted for around half of cross-bred cow inseminations in Ethiopia. Data on perceptions of change over the last decade indicated that per herd and per cow productivity are both increasing in high market quality sites with a more mixed picture in medium and low-quality sites. Similarly dairy-derived income is on the increase in high market quality sites. This is accompanied by a strong increase in stall feeding at the expense of grazing. The study indicates that the first constraint to intensification of dairy production in Ethiopia is the genetic quality of the herd. There is less scope for improved AI provision in India since the cross-bred herd is mainly serviced by AI already. However, as for Ethiopia, there is considerable scope for closing yield gaps in India through improved feed use and supply. Results strongly show that well-developed markets with good procurement arrangements are key for sustainable dairy intensification.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipOPEC Fund for International Development
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.sourceAnimalen_US
dc.subjectMILK PRODUCTIONen_US
dc.subjectMARKETINGen_US
dc.subjectINDIAen_US
dc.subjectETHIOPIAen_US
dc.titleDairy intensification in developing countries: Effects of market quality on farm-level feeding and breeding practicesen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.subject.ilriANIMAL BREEDINGen_US
cg.subject.ilriANIMAL FEEDINGen_US
cg.subject.ilriDAIRYINGen_US
cg.subject.ilriINTENSIFICATIONen_US
cg.subject.ilriLIVESTOCKen_US
cg.subject.ilriMARKETSen_US
cg.identifier.statusOpen Accessen_US
cg.contributor.affiliationInternational Livestock Research Institute
cg.identifier.doihttps://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1751731113001602en_US
cg.coverage.regionAFRICAen_US
cg.coverage.regionASIAen_US
cg.coverage.regionEAST AFRICAen_US
cg.coverage.regionSOUTH ASIAen_US
cg.coverage.countryETHIOPIAen_US
cg.coverage.countryINDIAen_US
cg.contributor.crpLivestock and Fish
cg.creator.idAlan Duncan: 0000-0002-3954-3067


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