Rhetoric vs. realities—An assessment of rainwater management planning and implementation modalities in Oromia and Amhara regions, Ethiopia
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Ludi, E., Belay, A., Duncan, A.J., Snyder, K., Tucker, J., Cullen, B., Belissa, M., Oljira, T., Teferi, A., Nigussie, Z., Deresse, A., Debela, M., Chanie, Y., Lule, D., Samuel, D., Lema, Z., Berhanu, A. and Merrey, D.J. 2013. Rhetoric vs. realities—An assessment of rainwater management planning and implementation modalities in Oromia and Amhara regions, Ethiopia. IN: Wolde, M. (ed). 2013, Rainwater management for resilient livelihoods in Ethiopia: Proceedings of the Nile Basin Development Challenge Science Meeting, Addis Ababa, 9–10 July 2013. NBDC Technical Report 5. Nairobi, Kenya: ILRI.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/34265
This paper is the first in a series of three interrelated papers and focuses on planning and implementation modalities of Rainwater Management (RWM) Strategies. It is part of the NBDC project ‘On integrated RWM strategies—technologies, institutions and policies’. The project is underpinned by the recognition that integrated RWM needs to combine technologies, policies and institutions and be developed through multi-stakeholder engagement to foster innovation. Three woredas were selected for the research—Jeldu and Diga in Oromia Region and Fogera in Amhara Region. The research on planning and implementation of RWS is guided by the hypothesis that there is a gap between available policy and guidelines and specific planning and implementation procedures. Research findings conclude that RWM planning and implementation is still rather top–down and technology-oriented instead of people-centred. Local processes are not in place to take account of different livelihood strategies and constraints, cultural, social or institutional dynamics as well as power relations and gender issues. The research concludes with six recommendations, largely aimed at Ethiopian policymakers and implementing agencies, suggesting an alternative approach to RWM planning and implementation processes which would help improve the impact, sustainability and local ownership of interventions. The paper outlines RWM strategies which are developed with true participation of farmers and other stakeholders; are based on evidence of what works and why; take into account specific socioeconomic and ecological niches; work across relevant sectors; and support local opportunities for innovation.
Related reference: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/33929