Impact of homestead farming system on rural economy: A study in South 24 Pargana district of West Bengal
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Bhattacharya, A., Deo, A.D., Sundaray, J.K., and Ponniah, A.G. 2013. Impact of homestead farming system on rural economy: A study in South 24 Pargana district of West Bengal. Presented at 'International Ecosystem Conversation, Climate Change and Sustainable Development Conference'. Kerala, India: CPWF.
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Development of homestead farming system (HFS) has the potential for poverty alleviation in states like West Bengal since irrespective of the land holding size, most of the households in the coastal region of West Bengal, have a small piece of land adjacent to their dwelling where some kind of homestead farming is carried out using the indigenous knowledge. HFS is mainly a need-oriented, self- provisioning, integrated, multi-species, economically sustainable and environmentally safe farming system around the house where the soil is enriched by homemade biological formulations and integrated farming is undertaken. This system allows year round cultivation of different agricultural products (horticulture, aquaculture, timber, etc.)which can provide either a source of additional income to the households or function as an alternative livelihood especailly for the women members of the household. In order to understand the contribution of HFS to household income and to devise ways to maximise returns from HFS, a survey was conducted covering 480 households in three blocks (Kakdwip, Namkhana and Sagar) of South 24 parganas district of West Bengal.