World Water Assessment Program case study, Ruhuna basins, Sri Lanka
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Imbulana, K. A. U. S.; Droogers, Peter; Makin, Ian. (Eds.) 2004. World Water Assessment Program case study, Ruhuna basins, Sri Lanka. Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI). v, 93p.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/36418
Internet URL: http://publications.iwmi.org/pdf/H035301.pdf
The "Ruhuna Basins" defined for this case study encompass three of the main rivers that flow through ancient Ruhuna, including the longest and most important river in the region, Walawe. The Ruhuna basins are important in the broader Sri Lankan context, the basin being the location of a major hydropower plant, irrigation schemes that make a significant contribution to national food production, and important nature reserves. However, even before the proposed development begins to be implemented, the basins are experiencing major water resources problems, clearly demonstrated by the recent drought that led to reduction of water supplies to agriculture, insufficient domestic water supply, and which contributed to nationwide power cuts upto 8 hours a day. These challenging issues motivated the Government of Sri Lanka to select the cluster of three important rivers, Walawe, Menik and Kirindi, and the smaller basins confined by them as the area for the case study for the World Water Assessment Program.
SubjectsRIVER BASINS; TOPOGRAPHY; SOILS; ECOLOGY; CLIMATE; RAIN; EVAPOTRANSPIRATION; POPULATION; LAND USE; SURFACE WATER; GROUNDWATER; AQUIFERS; WATER QUALITY; WATER RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT; FISHERIES; WELLS; PUMPS; WATERBORNE DISEASES; ECOSYSTEMS; WATER USE; HYDROELECTRIC SCHEMES; TANKS; POLITICAL ASPECTS; INSTITUTIONS; LEGISLATION; PUBLIC INVESTMENT; DOMESTIC WATER; WATER SUPPLY; FINANCING; SOCIAL PARTICIPATION; RISKS; DROUGHT; IRRIGATION WATER;
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