A two-dimensional outcome pathway model for research for development (R4D) programs
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Bayot, R.S. and Douthwaite, B. 2011. A two-dimensional outcome pathway model for research for development (R4D) programs. Poster. Colombo, Sri Lanka: CGIAR Challenge Program on Water and Food.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/3749
The CGIAR Challenge Program on Water and Food (CPWF) is a research for development program that focuses on improving the lives and environment of stakeholders through improved water management in the agriculture and fisheries sectors. To successfully meet the program goal, a project’s outcome pathway must be designed in such a way that makes the project theories of change explicit. The project must make explicit the cause and effect logic, by which its research will help achieve developmental outcomes. In the first phase of the CPWF, projects designed their outcome pathways as a linear logic model starting from inputs to activities to outputs and then outcomes. Outputs and outcomes are linked by intermediate outcomes from the scaling-up and scaling–out processes. This model was found to be an oversimplification. Thus, in Phase 2, CPWF revised the outcome pathway into a two-dimensional logic model, with institutional scale as the second dimension. This logic model was developed through a participatory impact pathway analysis as part of the ex-post impact assessment of the project, Coastal Resource Management for Improving Livelihoods. The two-dimensional outcome pathway model consists of interdependent outcome pathways on at least three scale levels: farm, community, and an enabling environment that affects both. The model describes how project research will influence behavior of actors at the three scales and how these pathways support each other. The Basin Development Challenge Programs in CPWF Phase 2 use this framework to plan for widescale and sustainable adoption of technologies.