An overview of the development challenges and constraints of the Niger Basin and possible intervention strategies
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Namara, Regassa E.; Barry, Boubacar; Owusu, Eric S.; Ogilvie, A. 2011. An overview of the development challenges and constraints of the Niger Basin and possible intervention strategies. Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI). 26p. (IWMI Working Paper 144) doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.5337/2011.206
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/39240
The Niger River Basin covers 7.5% of the African continent and is shared between nine riparian countries. The human population of the basin is growing at an average annual rate of about 3%, which makes the Niger River Basin one of the areas with the highest fertility rates in the world. The desert margin is expanding; climate change is negatively impacting rainfall; and urbanization, industrialization, and the human and livestock population are threatening the quantity and quality of available water resources. The basin population already suffers from chronic poverty. Based on a literature review, this paper suggests some key water-related and other interventions that are capable of easing the basin's development challenges.