Urban wastewater: a valuable resource for agriculture: a case study from Haroonabad, Pakistan
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van der Hoek, W.; Ul Hassan, M.; Ensink, J. H. J.; Feenstra, S.; Raschid-Sally, L.; Munir, S.; Aslam, R.; Ali, N.; Hussain, R.; Matsuno, Y. 2002. Urban wastewater: a valuable resource for agriculture: a case study from Haroonabad, Pakistan. Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI). v, 20p. (IWMI Research Report 063) doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3910/2009.070
Permanent link to cite or share this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/39850
External link to download this item: http://www.iwmi.cgiar.org/Publications/IWMI_Research_Reports/PDF/pub063/Report63.pdf
Farming communities in water-scarce regions increasingly practice the use of urban wastewater in agriculture. Untreated urban wastewater is generally considered unacceptable for direct use because of potential health risks. However, in many parts of the world, poor farmers in peri-urban areas use untreated wastewater. This situation is considered likely to continue even in the foreseeable future due to the high investment cost associated with the installation of treatment facilities.
SubjectsWASTEWATER; IRRIGATION WATER; WATER REUSE; ECONOMIC ANALYSIS; SOIL PROPERTIES; HOUSEHOLDS; WATER AVAILABILITY; WATER USE; WATER QUALITY; GROUNDWATER; PUBLIC HEALTH; RISKS; CASE STUDIES;
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