Effect of soil chemical and physical properties on sorption and desorption behavior of lead in different soils of India
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Dutta, S. K.; Singh, D.; Sood, Aditya. 2011. Effect of soil chemical and physical properties on sorption and desorption behavior of lead in different soils of India. Soil and Sediment Contamination, 20(3):249-260. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15320383.2011.560979
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/40417
Lead (Pb) is a non-biodegradable contaminant, present in the environment, especially near lead-based industrial sites, agricultural lands, and roadside soils. Bioavailability of Pb in the soil is controlled by the sorption and desorption behavior of Pb, which are further controlled by the soil chemical and physical properties. In this study, sorption and desorption amounts of Pb in soil were compared with soil physical (sand, silt, clay content) and chemical (pH; electrical conductivity, EC; percent organic carbon, (%OC);cation exchange capacity, CEC) properties. Twenty-six surface soils (0-5cm), expected to vary in physical and chemical properties, were collected from different parts of India and were treated with known concentration of Pb solution (40 ?g/L). The amount of Pb sorbed and desorbed were measured and correlated with soil properties using simple linear regressions. Sorption was significantly (p = 0.05) and positively correlated with pH, and %OC; desorption was significantly (p = 0.05) negatively correlated with the same two factors. Stepwise multiple regressions were performed for better correlations. Predicted sorption and desorption amounts, based on multiple regression equations, showed reasonably good fit (R2 = 0.79 and 0.83, respectively) with observed values. This regression model can be used for estimation of sorption and desorption amounts at contaminated sites.