Gender in irrigated farming: a case study in the Zerafshan River Basin, Uzbekistan
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Gunchinmaa, T.; Hamdamova, D.; van Koppen, Barbara. 2011. Gender in irrigated farming: a case study in the Zerafshan River Basin, Uzbekistan. Gender, Technology and Development, 15(2):201-222. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/097185241101500202
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/40427
The division of Central Asia into several independent states, and the transition from the centrally planned economy to a market economy in the majority of those states, affected all sectors and all social levels in the region. One such example is irrigation. Centrally planned and financed from Moscow, on-farm irrigation systems were managed by collective farms. The process of decentralization through the dismantling of collective farms led to a restructuring of services and infrastructure throughout Central Asia. Water users associations (WUAs) have been established to transfer on-farm irrigation management to farmers throughout the region, including Uzbekistan. Many women in Uzbekistan actively participate in farming activities, so their role in the on-farm irrigation restructuring process is important. Yet, the findings from this study suggest that participation of women is very limited in WUAs as very few women are registered as land owners. Because of high levels of migration by men to other countries, farm activities are mostly carried out by women. Despite this, womens decision-making power within their farms is limited.