Developing country farmers need more than financial incentives to reduce the risks of wastewater irrigation
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Wichelns, Dennis; Owaygen, M.; Redwood, M. 2011. Developing country farmers need more than financial incentives to reduce the risks of wastewater irrigation. Water International, 36(4):467-475. (Special issue on "Wastewater use in agriculture: economics, risks and opportunities" with contributions by IWMI authors). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02508060.2011.594250
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/40477
Implementing financial incentives to motivate farmers to reduce the risks of using untreated wastewater for irrigation is not feasible in most agricultural settings in developing countries. Much wastewater is diverted informally from streams and ditches, with no accounting of the volumes used by smallholder households. In addition, governance structures are often not sufficiently well established to implement appropriate policies. The authors describe the economic rationale for implementing financial incentives, while discussing alternative approaches for motivating farm-level improvements in cultural practices that might reduce risks for farmers, their families, other residents of agricultural communities and consumers.