Food and water scenarios for the Karkheh River Basin, Iran
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Marjanizadeh, S.; de Fraiture, Charlotte; Loiskandl, W. 2010. Food and water scenarios for the Karkheh River Basin, Iran. Water International, 35(4):409-424. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02508060.2010.506263
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/40517
Increasing population and income and a wheat self-sufficiency policy are already stressing Iran's strategic Karkeh River Basin. Examining three scenarios to the year 2025, the authors of this study find: (1) business as usual leads to an aggravation of groundwater overdraft and may jeopardize the ecosystem services provided by the Hawr Al Azim marsh area; (2) giving priority to environmental flow requirements and restoring groundwater tables leads to a shortfall in wheat production; but (3) reducing agricultural water demand could maintain a certain level of food production. Appropriate policy could minimize the tradeoffs between food self-sufficiency, sustainable water use and farmers' income.