Actions Needed to Halt Deforestation and Promote Climate-Smart Agriculture
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Wollenberg E, Campbell BM, Nihart A, Holmgren P, Seymour F, Sibanda L, von Braun J. 2011. Actions Needed to Halt Deforestation and Promote Climate-Smart Agriculture. In Peetermans J, ed, Greenhouse Gas Market Report 2011 Asia and Beyond: the Roadmap to Global Carbon & Energy Markets. Genève, Switzerland: International Emissions Trading Association. p. 95-100.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/42128
Agriculture needs to feed 9 billion people by 2050. This will require a 70 100% increase in food production (Godfray et al. 2010). Given climate change, a new kind of agriculture is therefore essential, one that must meet the triple challenge not only of ensuring food security, but also of adapting to future climate change and contributing to climate change mitigation. Meeting these challenges will require coordination with the mechanism known as Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) and other efforts to conserve forests. REDD+ will have to limit the expansion of agriculture if it is to be successful (Nepstad et al. 2009; DeFries et al. 2010). Agriculture is a primary driver of deforestation in most countries, including in Brazil and Indonesia, where 61% of global deforestation occurs. Projected increases in demand for food and bioenergy by 2050 will increase pressure on forests further (von Braun 2007).