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dc.contributor.authorMuhr, L
dc.contributor.authorTarawali, Shirley A.
dc.contributor.authorPeters, Michael
dc.contributor.authorSchultze-Kraft, Rainer
dc.date.accessioned2014-09-24T08:42:10Z
dc.date.available2014-09-24T08:42:10Z
dc.date.issued1999
dc.identifier.issn0049-4763
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10568/43466
dc.description.abstractA short-term improved fallow system based on forage legumes is suggested for crop-livestock farming systems in subhumid West Africa targeted to enhance soil fertility and dry season feed for cattle. At two sites, 13 legume species were compared with the natural fallow vegetation, the nutritive value of which typically fails to meet cattle requirements during the dry season. Establishment, dry matter yield and nutritive value of leguminous herbage in the year of establishment were evaluated as well as regeneration of legumes after a cropping phase. Only a few species yielded more dry season herbage than the natural fallow, but most had considerably higher nitrogen concentrations (0.6–2.4% of dry matter) and in sacco dry matter digestibility (19–65%) than the natural fallow vegetation with 0.7–1.0% N and 28–30% DMD. In the mid dry season, Stylosanthes guianensis, Centrosema pubescens and Aeschynomene histrix had the highest yields of 10 t/ha DM of standing herbage plus shed leaves at one of the sites. The same species also showed good self-regeneration after a maize crop but were surpassed by other species with respect to nitrogen concentration and digestibility. The observed properties of the forage legumes are discussed with respect to their relative importance for the targeted fallow system, and management alternatives are considered.
dc.language.isoen
dc.sourceTropical Grasslands
dc.subjectFEED LEGUMES
dc.subjectFALLOW
dc.subjectAGROPASTORAL SYSTEMS
dc.subjectPLANT ESTABLISHMENT
dc.subjectNUTRITIVE VALUE
dc.subjectWEST AFRICA
dc.subjectLEGUMINOSAS FORRAJERAS
dc.subjectBARBECHO
dc.subjectSISTEMAS AGROPASCÍCOLAS
dc.subjectESTABLECIMIENTO DE PLANTAS
dc.subjectVALOR NUTRITIVO
dc.titleForage legumes for improved fallows in agropastoral systems of subhumid West Africa. I. Establishment, herbage yield and nutritive value of legumes as dry season forage
dc.description.versionPeer-reviewed
dc.typeJournal Article
cg.subject.ciatLIVESTOCK
cg.subject.ciatNUTRITION
cg.subject.ciatSOIL HEALTH
cg.subject.ciatTROPICAL FORAGES
cg.identifier.statusOpen Access
cg.identifier.urlhttp://www.tropicalgrasslands.asn.au/Tropical%20Grasslands%20Journal%20archive/PDFs/Vol_33_1999/Vol_33_04_99_pp222_233.pdf
cg.isijournalISI Journal
cg.coverage.regionWEST AFRICA
cg.coverage.countryNIGERIA


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