Target area identification using a GIS approach for the introduction of legume cover crops for soil productivity improvement : A case study eastern Uganda
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Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/44146
Amidst the economic backdrop of resource-poor farmers, combined research and extension efforts in developing countries have focused on developing and promoting potentially adaptable and economically acceptable agronomic technologies that suit farmers situations. Practices like improved fallows with woody and herbaceous legumes (e.g. Canavalia sp., Crotalaria sp.,Mucuna sp., Lablab sp., and Tephrosia sp.) are considered an appropriate approach to improving soil fertility management and an alternative to expensive, and often not available, inorganic fertilizers. However the challenge remains of how to target such technologies to different socio-economic and biophysical niches at the farm level. Targeting of legume cover crops (LCC) to areas with actual and potential soil fertility management problems using a GIS approach was investigated. Using available datasets it was possible to define, identify, and map potential areas for targeting of LCC soil fertility improvement technologies by overlaying maps of soil fertility status, cropping systems, population density and climate for the eastern region of Uganda. We showed that a geographic information systems based decision support system could provide targeted dissemination output to aid decision making. Shortcomings in the use of available data are discussed, as are the practical applications of this approach in choosing appropriate legume species.
COVER PLANTS; LEGUMES; CROPPING SYSTEMS; GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS; DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEMS; SOIL FERTILITY; TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER; UGANDA; PLANTAS DE COBERTURA; LEGUMINOSAS; SISTEMAS DE CULTIVO; SISTEMAS DE INFORMACIÓN GEOGRÁFICA; SISTEMAS DE APOYO A LAS DECISIONES; FERTILIDAD DEL SUELO; TRANSFERENCIA DE TECNOLOGÍA; UGANDA