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CTA. 1986. Broom sorghum. Spore 2. CTA, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/44445
One of the most important crops in the Santa Cruz region of Bolivia is broom sorghum. It is used for making brooms and has become a major local industry since the crop was introduced in the early 1950s. There are several varieties of sorghum that...
One of the most important crops in the Santa Cruz region of Bolivia is broom sorghum. It is used for making brooms and has become a major local industry since the crop was introduced in the early 1950s. There are several varieties of sorghum that produce long straight stems for brooms. Their potential was first recognised in Italy nearly 300 years ago, and the broom sorghum varieties have been gradually spreading across the world. Despite this, little was known about the crops in Bolivia, so the British Overseas Development Administration has been funding a programme to collect available data on the crop. Researchers have been testing local varieties and have ascertained that plant density has a big effect on the stem produced. As part of the background work, the researchers have managed to obtain seeds from the United States, Argentina and India. These new varieties will be tested in the coming year. Farmers' cooperatives and other similar institutions will be asked to produce their own seed. In Fiji, broomcorn, another variety of sorghum used for making brooms, is grown on a small scale in the Sigatoka Valley. It was started as a cottage industry in 1963. Farmers planted 30 hectares (74 acres) in 1978 producing 78 tonnes. During 1983 export sales of manufactured brooms were valued at $59,171 while local sales came to $7,608. Broomcorn production in Fiji is expected to increase in the coming years since markets have been extended overseas. For further information contact: ODA Mission Britanica Bolivia Eland House Stag Place London SW1 E 5DH UK