Dry Lands and rural development
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CTA. 1986. Dry Lands and rural development . Spore 4. CTA, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/44510
Natural Resources and Rural Development in Arid Lands: Case Studies From Sudan, edited by H.R.J. Davies. Published by the United Nations University, Toho Seimei Building, 15-1 Shibuya 2-Chome, Shibuyaku Tokyo 150 JAPAN. Price: US $ 15.00.
The need for agricultural development in the African dry lands is even more dramatic than in Africa as a whole, says H.R.J. Davies, editor of four case studies on agriculture in Sudan Although Sudan has probably done more than any of the six countries used as a reference Chad, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Sudan and Burkina Faso to develop its agriculture, it remains prone to insurmountable problems, especially in the areas of large irrigation schemes. Where does the root of evil lie ? The answers are of course several, and Mr. Davies reminds us that most of the deficiencies of past projects in Africa put a serious brake on the successful acceptance of scientifically proven innovations. However, even if all organisational deficiencies could be put right, he goes on to say, there are more fundamental problems such as the duality between the 'modern' and the 'traditional', between 'urban' and 'rural', and between those imposing the system and those submitted to it. Inevitably, argues Mr. Davies, agricultural development and change are perceived quite differently, but without the willing co-operation of the traditional rural cultivators, none of the government's plans can succeed. The four studies presented by Mr. Davies were financed by the United Nations University and each tackles a current problem in the use of natural resources in the semi-arid lands. They look at how and why the people involved reacted in the way they did to a particular change or aspect of the environment The first study is concerned with the problems of dura (Sorghum vulgare) cultivation, concentrating particularly on those associated with the parasite buda (Striga herminthica). The second study examines the impact on the environment of improved rural water supplies in the district of East Kordofan. The third study deals with firewood supplies and its use in the Nuba Mnuntains Lastly, the fourth study investigates the conflicts between planners and participants on the Khashm el Girba irrigation scheme. Natural Resources and Rural Development in Arid Lands: Case Studies From Sudan, edited by H.R.J. Davies. Published by the United Nations University, Toho Seimei Building, 15-1 Shibuya 2-Chome, Shibuyaku Tokyo 150 JAPAN. Price: US $ 15.00.