Food security policy study
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CTA. 1987. Food security policy study. Spore 10. CTA, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
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Poverty and hunger. Issues and options for food security in developing countries / World Bank (1986). A World Bank policy study. Washington D.C., 69 pp.
Food security has long been the focal point of food and agricultural policy planners. The major problems do not necessarily result from inadequate food supplies but from a lack of purchasing power on the part of nations and households. As the previous President of the World Bank has stated, 'supporting economic growth with an equitable distribution of income is therefore the first priority'. In the foreword of the World Bank's policy study on 'Poverty and hunger', A. W. Clausen explains that efforts to ensure food security can be seen as an investment in human capital. A properly fed, healthy and active population participates more effectively in economic development. No nation can obtain absolute food security and there is no single solution to the problems of both food security and poverty. But in order to help developing countries improve their food security, the World Bank suggests that the international community should intensify its efforts to accelerate growth through adjustment assistance and productive investment and help countries coordinate food aid. This World Bank report outlines the nature and extent of food security problems in developing countries, proposes policy options and indicates areas of possible support by institutions such as the World Bank. It differentiates problems and measures according to whether food security is chronic or transitory. Apart from its many references, the report includes statistical data, graphs, tables and boxes on specific topics such as the high cost of buffer stocks, grain fed to livestock, distribution and food income in Egypt and cereal import costs. World Bank (1986) Poverty and hunger. Issues and options for food security in developing countries'. A World Bank policy study. Washington D.C., 69 pp.
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