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CTA. 1988. Sustainable development. Spore 13. CTA, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/44808
Towards Sustainable Development, a set of 14 studies, funded by SIDA and published by Panos Available as a boxed set or bound at UKL 14.95 (hardback) or UKL 9.95 (paperback) or as single booklets at UKL 2.50 each from: The Panos Institute 8 Alfre
The Nordic nations contribute greatly to Third World development but unless aid programmes can be sustained in economic, social and environmental terms by the recipients themselves they will, in the long run, have been useless. The mayor Nordic bilateral aid agencies chose 14 of their successful projects which had obvious environmental spin-offs, and commissioned a journalist from each country concerned to make an independent report - the first known uncensored evaluation of donor nations' work - at the Nordic Conference on Environment and Development at Saltsjobaden, Stockholm, in May 1987. The result is Towards Sustainable Development, a set of 14 studies, funded by SIDA and published by Panos. Although the views are those of the authors, the donors have been permitted marginal comments. The studies cover the questions that people actually on the ground are asking: who should repair the leaks in a drinking-water pipeline - trained mechanics or unskilled villagers? Where can nomad women find firewood for their bakery without furthering deforestation? How can a huge pulp mill fit into a peasant environment? Freelance Sri Lankan Journalist Mallika Wanigasundara's report of a NORAD-backed project in Hambantota, which helps peasants with loans for houses and seed, new wells, restoring tanks, taungya plantations and cookstoves, exemplifies the theme that emerges strongly from all 14 cases - that even with mas sive external aid and a less unjust distribution of the world's wealth, each recipient country must find a way of sustaining development on its own. Locally there has been considerable support for the Hanbantota programme, which has adapted Buddhist environmental traditions, perhaps - as Wanigasundara's title 'Farming with Ahimsa' suggested - because the Buddha's doctrine of non-violence to plants has taken a firm root in this region. But nonetheless crops are often trampled and water tanks damaged by animals and, if the NORAD aid scheme is to achieve long-term success, community involvement must be improved. Among the subjects covered were: marginal soil, marginal farms (Kenya); glaciers of the desert (Mauritania); why Kenyans save their soil (Kenya); research for peasant farmers (Tanzania); trees for the poor (Orissa, India); managing a forest (Tanzania); in a dry land (Turkana, Kenya); farming with Ahimsa (Sri Lanka); piped water by the people (Malawi); paper at a price (Tanzania); Mtera Dam (Tanzania) and waging war on rice pests (Bangladesh). Such independent Third World critiques must be fundamental to a complete understanding of how development can be sustainable. Panos intends to help promote more in the future Available as a boxed set or bound at UKL 14.95 (hardback) or UKL 9.95 (paperback) or as single booklets at UKL 2.50 each from: The Panos Institute 8 Alfred Place London WCIE 7EB UNITED KINGDOM