Examining animal health and production in the Tropics
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CTA. 1991. Examining animal health and production in the Tropics. Spore 31. CTA, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/45435
Livestock production and diseases in the tropics: proceedings of the sixth international conference of institutes for tropical veterinary medicine, AITVM, 28 August - 1 September 1989 edited by H Kuil, R W Paling and J E Huhn ISBN 3 924441 46 4, pub
At the end of August 1989 more than 200 scientists, government officials and representatives of international institutions from 42 different countries gathered in Wageningen in the Netherlands for the sixth conference of the Association of Institutes for Tropical Veterinary Medicine (AITVM). The aim of the meeting, which was sponsored by CTA, the German Foundation for International Development (DSE), the University of Utrecht (Faculty of Veterinary Medicine) and the International Agricultural Centre, was to identify the achievements, difficulties and future prospects in the field of tropical animal health and production in four main livestock areas (the subject of workshop discussions): pastoral systems, dairy production systems, livestock production systems of the humid and sub-humid zones, and helminthiasis in tropical areas. An integrated approach covering technical matters, livestock policies and socio-economic aspects was the organizers' goal. The conference proceedings, published in May 1990, contain the scientific papers as well as the workshop summaries, conclusions and recommendations. The recommendations have also been published in a separate volume for wider distribution. Among the principal recommendations of the workshops was that in project planning, the views, needs and interests of the target group should play a decisive role in the formulation of objectives and operations, laying the foundation for active and sustainable participation. Special attention should be given to an inter-disciplinary approach to activities. Farmers' groups should be strengthened. Special efforts in extension, involving women workers, is needed to reach women farmers. Credit systems and pricing policies should be more realistic. The commitment and dedication of extension personnel is essential for earning farmers' confidence and thereby adoption of improvements. Training and motivation of such personnel requires more time and more funds. In the sub-humid tropics the deficiency of animal products makes livestock development particularly sensitive to policy issues, and lack of clear and appropriate policies have been a major impediment to successful project implementation. Both urban and rural communities need less restrictive pricing policies. Finally, appropriate control strategies for helminth infections, adapted to local conditions, should be worked out They should be based on anthelminthic treatments and also on improved management. Further studies on parasites and on the immune response and status of the hosts must be undertaken. More attention must be paid to extension programmes in order to transfer knowledge to farmers, extension workers, technicians and veterinary officers, and funds must be made available by national and international institutions and organizations. Livestock production and diseases in the tropics: proceedings of the sixth international conference of institutes for tropical veterinary medicine, AITVM, 28 August - 1 September 1989 edited by H Kuil, R W Paling and J E Huhn ISBN 3 924441 46 4, published by the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Utrecht PO Box 80163, 3508 TD Utrecht. Also available from CTA also: Recommendations ISBN 3 924441 50 2