Rapid on-farm multiplication of plantain and banana
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CTA. 1992. Rapid on-farm multiplication of plantain and banana. Spore 38. CTA, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/45724
Two new methods of propagating plantain and banana have been developed by the National Horticultural Research Institute in Nigeria. Both plantains and bananas are a major food in West Africa, but availability of propagating material has limited the...
Two new methods of propagating plantain and banana have been developed by the National Horticultural Research Institute in Nigeria. Both plantains and bananas are a major food in West Africa, but availability of propagating material has limited the expansion of groves 90% of which are owned by peasant farmers. Lack of planting material and risk of disease transfer also pose problems for on-farm multiplication. The new methods use materials that would have been left to waste on the field and also ensure that true-to-type planting materials are used. In the first technique, the split corm technique (SCT), corms are cut into sett sizes of 50g each and treated with fungicide. They are then air-dried for 24 hours before being planted in a 1:1 mix of forest topsoil and sterilized sawdust. New sprouts appear after four weeks from the date of planting and up to 20 plants have been obtained from one corm in this way. The second method is the Split Bud Technique (SBT) and is a modification of SCT. When the corn setts begin to sprout they are removed-from the nursery bed and split longitudinally into 4 sections. Using this method, up to 500 plants can be obtained from a single corm within 24 weeks. These methods will greatly increase the supply of banana and plantain propagating material, especially as the methods are not complicated and require no specialized equipment. B A Adelaja Fruits Division National Horticultural Research Institute PMB 5432 Ibadan NIGERIA
SubjectsCROP PRODUCTION AND PROTECTION;
- CTA Spore (English)