Technologies for women
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CTA. 1992. Technologies for women. Spore 39. CTA, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/45757
The Institute for Agricultural Research of Ahmadu Bello University, Nigeria undertook a two-year study aimed at developing and testing appropriate technology for rural women in Nigeria. Supported by a grant from the Ford Foundation Project, the...
The Institute for Agricultural Research of Ahmadu Bello University, Nigeria undertook a two-year study aimed at developing and testing appropriate technology for rural women in Nigeria. Supported by a grant from the Ford Foundation Project, the Institute has now published its findings. In collaboration with established organizations already working with rural women technologies were introduced involving crop threshing, milk processing and water transportation equipment prototypes. Oil extraction equipment and cooking stoves were also assessed. Selected womens' groups were trained to operate the equipment prototypes and were subseqently monitored so as to detect any operational problems. Adoption of the technologies was enthusiastic and the feedback provided by the women was used to make appropriate changes to the equipment. For instance, the grain crackage that occurred when some millet varieties were put through the multi-crop thresher was virtually eliminated by covering the cylinder bars with hard rubber. The output of the same thresher was improved by detaching the sieving unit. The women had found that manual sieving was not a problem and even allowing for the time needed to sieve out and manually pound the unthreshed heads, the output of the thresher in kilograms per hour was between five and seven times that achieved by traditional methods. Similar experiences were recorded on the maize dehusker-sheller, where an improvement on fan and sieve performance was possible due to user feedback. The final prototypes evolved for the milk churner and water transportation unit were also as the result of suggestions by participating women. The Institute hopes that there, will be an extension of the project into a second phase in . order to address some of the i major issues highlighted by the first phase of the project' issues which pose constraints to the development and adoption of technologies for women. Professor R Kaul Programme Leader Technologies for Women Institute for Agricultural Research Ahmadu Bello University PMB 1044, Zaria, NIGERIA