Livestock production manuals
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CTA. 1993. Livestock production manuals. Spore 43. CTA, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/45908
Manual of pig production in the tropics by H Serres 1992 262pp ISBN 0 85198 784 2 Manual of sheep production in the humid tropics of Africa by J Charray, J M Humbert and J Levif translated by Alan Leeson 1992 187pp ISBN 0 85198 795 8
The pig is one of the oldest domesticated animals. It is to be found throughout the temperate and tropical regions of the world where religious observance does not bar its production. Due to its omnivorous character, the pig is a very adaptable animal. Contrary to popular belief it does not, particularly in tropical zones, need to compete with man for available food resources. Pigs are able to thrive on feed systems based on by-products: in rice-growing areas only pigs are able to utilize certain by-products of this cereal. Where limitations of space are a factor for the landless or urban livestock keeper the pig, with its high fecundity, provides an ideal source of meat and income. The manual of pig production takes the student, advisory officer or farmer through the general characteristics of the pig, through all the stages of the economics and management of systems of production and of production itself, through to slaughter and the recommended international code of hygienic practice of fresh meat. Originally written in French the Manual of pig production in the tropics by H. Serres has been translated by J Wiseman and published by CAB International in association with CTA, who financed the translation. Manual of pig production in the tropics by H Serres 1992 262pp ISBN 0 85198 784 2 The Manual of sheep production concerns sheep farming in humid tropical Africa. The rearing of sheep has many advantages for livestock keepers, particularly the small livestock keeper. Compared with cattle, sheep are cheaper to buy, an important factor in a startup enterprise, or replacement after loss due to epidemic or drought. Their small size also means that sheep have a shorter reproductive cycle and can there fore give a quicker return on investment. Some breeds of sheep, for instance the West African Dwarf ewe, are better meat producers than the N'Dama cow. A West African Dwarf ewe is capable of producing a lamb 1/1 3th of her own weight compared to an N'Dama calf at 1/17th of its dam. A further advantage for the small producer or smallholder family is that the slaughter of a sheep produces a manageable amount of meat, whereas a cow produces an excess that cannot always be utilized unless the meat can be preserved. The size of the sheep also makes handling easier and puts it within the realms of manageability for women and children. There is therefore, a growing need for information on sheep production in the tropical regions. This book fills the need and provides a text for intermediate level courses in animal husbandry. It is a CTA funded translation from the original French and is also published in association with CAB International. Manual of sheep production in the humid tropics of Africa by J Charray, J M Humbert and J Levif translated by Alan Leeson 1992 187pp ISBN 0 85198 795 8