The rich diversity of seed supply
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CTA. 2001. The rich diversity of seed supply. Spore 94. CTA, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/46249
Internet URL: http://spore.cta.int/images/stories/pdf/old/spore94.pdf
Four out of every five seeds acquired by farmers in ACP countries come through traditional seed supply systems. The last ten years has seen a renaissance in these networks, with many different methods. They are all networks, and our advice is to...
Four out of every five seeds acquired by farmers in ACP countries come through traditional seed supply systems. The last ten years has seen a renaissance in these networks, with many different methods. They are all networks, and our advice is to contact one; you will soon find many more, on the old via-via principle. Perhaps the most renowned is the Livingstone Food Security Project (LFSP) which has built up a vast set of networks around drought-resistant millet and sorghum. From 330 participants in 1994, it had grown to almost 40,000 by March 2001. LFSP c/o CARE, PO Box 60256, Livingstone, Zambia. Fax: +260 3 320687; Email: email@example.com; Website: www.care.org/programs LFSP won a place in the global Website of the Encyclopedia of Sustainability, where a profile gives many ideas for replicating or adopting their approach in other situations: www.bothends.org The National Centre for Tree Seeds (Centre National de Semences Forestières, 01 BP 2682, Ougadougou, Burkina Faso; Fax: + 226 30 12 32) has much information about fruit and fodder trees, but the richest collection, covering the world, is in the Tree Seed Suppliers Database operated by the International Centre for Agroforestry: ICRAF, PO Box 30677, Nairobi, Kenya. Fax: + 254 2 521001; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Website:www.icraf.cgiar.org/treessd . This is also available in printed form from ICRAF. Actual seed supplies and support from places outside ACP countries come in all shapes and sizes: the Jardin Tropical network tirelessly promotes gardening by supplying seeds, and arguing for the inclusion of gardening in food security strategies. JTS, ZA des Fousseaux, Avenue des Carreaux, 49480 Saint-Sylvain-d Anjou, France; Fax: + 33 2 4176 5770; Email: email@example.com; Website: www.jts-semences.com The Seeds for Africa network provides small financial grants for local seed purchases, with an emphasis on school gardens. SfA, PO Box 581, Canterbury, Kent CT2 7SW, England, and PO Box 60837, Nairobi, Kenya; Fax: + 44 1227 823426; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Website: www.seedsforafrica.org Most notable of all is the ECHO seed network, which provides free trial packets of seeds not to individual farmers but to qualifying agricultural and educational institutions and extension agencies in ACP and other developing countries. Its catalogue is a goldmine for the seed searcher; it even features a long list of its own and recommended suppliers worldwide. Clever! ECHO, 17391 Durrance Road, North Fort Myers, FL 33917-2239, USA; Fax: 1 941 543 5317; Email: email@example.com; Website: www.echonet.org Commercial sources, of which there are literally thousands, are headed by the Technisem network with regional operations throughout most of Africa covered from offices in West Africa and the Indian Ocean, as well as beingactive throughout the Caribbean, and the Pacific through a Viet Nam office. Technisem, 7 rue de Garigliano, ZAC des Gatines, 91601 Savigny sur Orge, France; Fax: + 33 1 6996 8601; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Website: www.technisem.com A full list of suppliers is available through the International Seed Trade Federation: FIS, Chemin du Reposoir 1, 1260 Nyon, Switzerland. Fax: 41 22 365 4421; email: email@example.com; Website: www.worldseed.org And once you have swapped, bartered or bought your seeds, how will you keep them? Some sound tips with a dose of scientific wisdom are to be found in the massive paper edition of the Seed Storage Behaviour Compendium of the International Plant and Genetic Resources Instititute, which is also in an electronic database - the Electronic Seed Storage Behaviour (ESSB) Compendium. IPGRI, Via dei Tre Denari 472/a, 00057 Maccarese (Fiumicino) Rome, Italy; Fax: +39 06 61 97 96 61 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org; Website: www.ipgri.org/themes/exsitu/seed_setup.htm Note, by the way, IPGRI s new address.