The guardians of plant genetic resources
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CTA. 2000. The guardians of plant genetic resources . Spore 89. CTA, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/46936
Internet URL: http://spore.cta.int/images/stories/pdf/old/spore89.pdf
During the armed conflict in Somalia in the mid-1990s, the national germplasm collection was destroyed along with the crops in the fields. At the request of the Somali government, a collector of the International Plant Genetic Resources Institute...
During the armed conflict in Somalia in the mid-1990s, the national germplasm collection was destroyed along with the crops in the fields. At the request of the Somali government, a collector of the International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI) hand-carried a duplicate set of 300 samples of sorghum and maize among the last remaining samples of Somali germplasm out of the country and deposited it in the Kenya genebank. Since then, it has been used again to revitalise Somali agriculture. IPGRI carries out its global mandate of conserving plant genetic resources, which experts in the field of plant genetic resources need in order to produce improved crop varieties. IPGRI aims at disseminating and promoting improved strategies and technologies for conserving and managing plant genetic resources. In over 25 years of its existence it has enabled the number of conservation facilities to grow to around 1308 genebanks today. IPGRI, with 15 branch offices and laboratories, primarily supports national plant genetic conservation programmes and research organisations. It has helped over 100 countries to set up genebanks. IPGRI works on ex situ and in situ conservation (in situ means conserving plant genetic resources in their natural habitat with farmers participation; ex situ is the conservation of seeds for up to 100 years by drying them and storing them at low temperatures). In vitro culture techniques storage of plant tissue is also an area of IPGRI s work. This technique is necessary for plants that propagate vegetatively, like potato and cassava, or have seeds that do not keep, like cacao and coconut. IPGRI maintains a number of databases with summary information on more than 5 million accessions worldwide in ex situ germplasm collections. This information is available from its recently updated website together with SINGER, which allows searching across the genetic resource databases of 13 International Centres for Agricultural Research. Training materials in English, French and Spanish can also be downloaded from IPGRI s website on topics such as an Introduction to collecting; Ecogeographic surveys, Measuring genetic variation and the Guidebook for genetic resources documentation. A very useful service for the reader of Spore with access to Internet is the new searchable training opportunities database, which enables you to find agriculture related courses that suit your needs and planning. It includes, besides IPGRI s training programmes, the courses of more than 70 universities, NGOs and training centres. Finally, IPGRI publishes newsletters and books that are freely available to the libraries of institutes, universities, research laboratories and genebanks. IPGRI Via delle Sette Chiese, 142, 00145 Rome Italy. Fax: +39 06 5750309 Email: email@example.com Website: http://www.ipgri.org/