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CTA. 1995. IIBC . Spore 57. CTA, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/47103
The International Institute of Biological Control (IIBC) is a nonprofit organization which aims to support the development of biological control and integrated pest management worldwide. Since its establishment in 1927 IIBC has provided a unique...
The International Institute of Biological Control (IIBC) is a nonprofit organization which aims to support the development of biological control and integrated pest management worldwide. Since its establishment in 1927 IIBC has provided a unique service, through research, training and the provision of advice and information. IIBC is an institute of CAB International, an intergovernmental organization comprising 36 member countries, which provides services to agriculture, forestry, human health and the management of natural resources through provision of information and associated technical services. IIBC headquarters and project activities in the UK are located at Silwood Park, Ascot. A purpose-built facility completed in 1988, the new building includes constant temperature rooms and a quarantine unit c equipped for work on insects and pathogens. Together with the quarantine greenhouse opened in 1986, this has greatly expanded the institute's capacity to undertake intermediate quarantine of biological control agents being moved from one tropical region to another. The new building houses the IIBC Training and Information Unit and the CABI Library Services Centre, and provides facilities for visiting research workers and trainees. The principal activity of IIBC is to undertake research and development projects on contract for governments, international and bilateral development agencies, research foundations and commercial interests in agriculture. To carry this out the institute operates through seven bases around the world, most of them linked to leading national research institutes. IIBC staff from over 13 countries advise on over 80 separate projects a year. Their experts are available to advise on pest ecology; biology of natural enemies, their production, handling, shipment and release for classical biological control. Staff can also advise on the preparation of proposals which may range from research on techniques and the feasibility of applying biological controls, to the implementation of biological control and integrated pest management programmes. IIBC undertakes investigations on conservation of natural enemies of insect and other arthropod pests and weeds. Current research programmes include: · Characterization screening and supply of insects and pathogens for control of major pasture weeds and weeds in environmentally sensitive areas. · Research on the natural enemies of pests of temperate and tropical foresty. · Integrated pest management implementation programmes in vegetables, cotton, coffee and rice. · Development of a fungal pesticide for control of locusts and grasshoppers in Africa. · Investigations on the control of pests of cassava, sweet potato and Irish potato for the Eastern and Southern Africa Root Crops Research Network. Transfer of technology is an important part of the activities of IIBC and short courses are given on biological control and pest management, which are conducted at the institutes own field stations or at collaborating institutions in developing countries. Customized, illustrated manuals are prepared for training courses, as well as special self-training packages. Recently, IIBC has begun to work with national programmes and FAO on the development of training materials for farmers, to help them discover and appreciate the role of natural enemies in their crops. In addition to providing training courses, IIBC cooperates with universities in Europe, Africa, Asia and Latin America to support degree-level training in biological control, and to organize bench training in specialized techniques for scientists and technicians sponsored by their own institutions or through training grants. In 1993 IIBC established its Training Information and Policy Support group (TIPS) to meet the diversifying demand for training and information on biological control. TIPS is expanding IlBC's current activities to include information materials and training for non-specialists, in forms such as handbooks, posters and concise summaries of key areas of biological control activity. It will place particular emphasis on information useful to the development of national and international policy in biological control and IPM. Developing and implementing biological control is frequently constrained by lack of information on the identity of natural enemies, their biology, evaluation, production and use. IIBC makes available information on all aspects of biological control with the backing of the CAB ABSTRACTS database. Its Information Unit at Silwood Park also has the resources of an unrivalled plant protection library and access to specialist knowledge from staff at the other CAB International institutes and collaborating institutes. IIBC compiles its own abstract journal, Biocontrol News and Information, which comprehensively surveys biological control research on a quarterly basis, and provides critical reviews and a regular news section. IIBC also maintains a global database of biological control introductions against insect pests, which practitioners consult. Where identification of natural enemies is required, IIBC depends on CABI's biosytematic institutes: the International Institute of Entomology (IIE), International Institute of Parasitology (IIP) and International Mycological Institute (IMI). These Institutes provide a worldwide service for the identification of pests and natural enemies, particularly to developing countries. To do this, they draw upon some of the most extensive collections of insects, pathogens and nematodes in the world. Beyond identifications, the biosystems institutes produce guides and computerized keys to pests and natural enemies, monitor the global movements of exotic pests and undertake biochemical research into the taxonomy of difficult groups. To reach as wide an audience as possible, and to inform the public on environmentally sound options in pest management, IIBC also promotes biological control through the printed media, radio, film and television, and assists in the development of schools' curricula. D The Director International Institute of Biological Control, Silwood Park Buckhurst Road, Ascot, Berks SL5 7TA, UK.