Livestock policies for the Caribbean
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CTA. 1995. Livestock policies for the Caribbean . Spore 59. CTA, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/47150
The seven-year Uruguay Round of negotiations on the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) was concluded in April 1994 and for the first time the agreement included agricultural commodities. The aims of the agreement concerning agriculture...
The seven-year Uruguay Round of negotiations on the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) was concluded in April 1994 and for the first time the agreement included agricultural commodities. The aims of the agreement concerning agriculture are to provide the mechanism to bring about increased access for members to each other's markets, and to reduce subsidization of exports and domestic support of agriculture. These trends towards greater trade liberalization have implications for all countries trading in livestock products. Conscious of the need for discussion on how these global changes would affect the livestock industry in the member states of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and the European Union (EU), CTA and the Caribbean Agricultural Research and Development Institute (CARDI), organized a regional seminar in Port of Spain, Trinidad in March this year with assistance from the local Ministry of Agriculture. The objectives of the seminar, entitled Livestock policies for the Caribbean, were to examine the existing livestock subsector, define a regional policy and identify priority areas for implementation. Participants came from the CARICOM member countries, Canada, USA and the Netherlands. They included representatives from the regional government ministries, agricultural R & D organizations, universities, international institutions, livestock producers' associations, processors, farmers and input suppliers. In preparation for the meeting, CTA and CARDI commissioned three background studies that examined the implications of trade liberalization, growing trends towards regionalism and structural adjustment measures for the Caribbean agricultural sector and more particularly, the livestock subsector. The results of these studies were presented to the meeting for discussion. Papers given by staff of the World Bank, FAO and USDA also provided information to put the regional situation into perspective. A number of key issues were highlighted at the meeting and recommendations made: · The timetable for the reductions of tariffs should follow the GATT guidelines · the livestock industry would need continued government support while adjustments were being made · regional trade in animal products would be essential for further development of the subsector · regional standards for livestock products need to be established · policies should favour the use of local feedstuffs and feed ingredients · national and regional institutions should be established to strengthen the efforts of livestock producers and processors · veterinary services need to be improved · and finally, CARDI should set up a task force to monitor and report on progress in the implementation of the recommendations.