Property rights a new international service
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CTA. 1996. Property rights a new international service. Spore 61. CTA, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/47241
The introduction of plant variety protection (PVP) is a major issue on the 'seed agenda' in many ACP countries. The discussion concentrates on issues of morality, and on the effects of plant variety protection on the international seed trade,...
The introduction of plant variety protection (PVP) is a major issue on the 'seed agenda' in many ACP countries. The discussion concentrates on issues of morality, and on the effects of plant variety protection on the international seed trade, subsistence farming and genetic diversity. Variety description is a standard procedure in many variety release programmes. Often this is done by a branch of the seed quality control and certification organization or by the breeder himself. The aim of this procedure is to characterize the new variety in such a way that field inspectors can identify the variety and off-types within a seed production field without bias. This system relates to a d.u.s.-test (distinctness, uniformity, stability) which is one of the steps in a variety registration procedure for plant variety protection. The legal dimension of the latter requires, however, a more elaborate administrative procedure and a more exhaustive method for variety characterization. The Center for Plant Breeding and Reproduction Research (CPRO-DLO), based in Wageningen, the Netherlands has recently started a new international service in the field of variety registration research. The service includes possibilities for training both in Wageningen and in national or regional settings, consultancy 'on-site' and a free question-and-ansvver service. Workshops will be organized in cooperation with the international plant variety protection organization, and other international bodies to exchange views and methods, and to investigate the effects of plant variety protection in different parts of the world. The service can be useful for countries that have already passed a plant variety protection legislation act. Such an act may be based on independent variety testing (European system), independent supervision of breeder's tests (Australian system) or a purely administrative procedure (US system). The Centre offers assistance in streamlining procedures in order to minimize delays in variety introduction, and in the execution or jointly developing appropriate methods of variety characterization. Also countries that do not have a PVP-act can request for the services in order to strengthen their variety characterization in the course of preparing for a PVP-act or for certification purposes only. J G van de Vooren PO Box 16 6700 AA Wageningen THE NETHERLANDS