Quality protein maize for small scale farmers
MetadataShow full item record
CTA. 1996. Quality protein maize for small scale farmers. Spore 63. CTA, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/47329
Improved maize with double the nutritional qualities of standard varieties is beginning to spread to small-scale farmers in many parts of Africa. Known as QPM or Quality Protein Maize, it has double the levels of lysine a particularly important...
Improved maize with double the nutritional qualities of standard varieties is beginning to spread to small-scale farmers in many parts of Africa. Known as QPM or Quality Protein Maize, it has double the levels of lysine a particularly important aminoacid. In South Africa, for instance, the first QPM varieties were released in 1')79, but they were not acceptable to rural communities because the grain was soft and did not store well. New varieties, bred by the Grain Crops Institute, have overcome these problems and were introduced to small scale farmers in KwaZulu-Natal in 1994. The feedback has been encouraging and there was a bigger demand for seed in the 1995 planting season. The QPM varieties have not gone out alone: they have been accompanied by technical advice and soil analysis, so that correct fertilizer rates are applied. This has led to an eight-fold increase in yield and farmers are now able to either diversify land released from maize production into cash crops or feed the better quality surplus maize to livestock such as poultry, which again improves family income and nutrition. In Ghana, the Crops Research Institute has distributed several experimental and hybrid varieties of QPM to ten African countries. In Ghana itself half the certified maize seed sold in 1994 was the QPM variety Obatanpa (in Ashanti this means'good nursing mother'), which was first released in 1992. The demand was expected to double in 1995. Grain Crops Institute KwoZulu Natal Department of Agriculture Private Bag X9059, Pietermaritzburg KwaZulu Natal, SOUTH AFRICA Crops Research Institute PO Box 52. Tamole Ghana