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CTA. 1996. ITC. Spore 65. CTA, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/47483
The International Trypanotolerance Centre (ITC), established in 1982, conducts research aimed at improving the welfare ofsmall-scale farmers through better livestock production within the mixed farming system. The centre is located in The Gambia...
The International Trypanotolerance Centre (ITC), established in 1982, conducts research aimed at improving the welfare of small-scale farmers through better livestock production within the mixed farming system. The centre is located in The Gambia in the subhumid zone of west Africa close to the Sahelian regions. The three research stations at Kerr Serigne, Keneba and Bansang are situated in different parts of the country which have different cattle densities management patterns and levels of trypanosomiasis challenge. The objective of the ITC is to increase livestock production and utilization in the humid and subhumid zones through the wider and better use of disease-resistant indigenous breeds of cattle, sheep and goats. The original mandate of the Centre was to study trypanotolerance, i.e. the ability of certain indigenous breeds of cattle and small ruminants to live and produce under trypanosomiasis challenge. Following several years of research in this area, it was realized that African Animal Tyrpanosomiasis (AAT) is only one of many limiting factors to livestock production in these ecozones. Therefore, in order to enable the Centre to effectively contribute to sustainable livestock production and development, the mandate was recently broadened to include all aspects of livestock production within the mixed crop-livestock farming system' The Centre has excellent laboratory, field and residential facilities. In addition, it has 1,300 cattle and about 800 sheep and goats for on-station experiments, as well as access to a large number of village livestock kept under traditional management systems. In the subregion, ITC conducts its work with the active participation of nationals in the countries where it works through collaborative agreements with the National Agricultural Research Systems. The Centre also collaborates with organizations such as CIRDES in Burkina Faso, ICIPE in Kenya, ILRI in Ethiopia and Kenya, and universities in Africa, America, Asia and Europe. The need to have adequately trained staff to carry out research and implement livestock development programmes in the region has been recognized since the inception of the Centre. Excellent training facilities have therefore been included in ITC's infrastructure. Personnel from 19 countries in West and Central Africa have benefited from training at ITC. In addition, ITC offers on-the-job training to both regionah scientists and technical support staff in an effort to make livestock research and development sustainable. Several students from European opean universities have also undertaken research projects at ITC as part of their training. ITC contributes articles regularly to many agricultural journals, including Tropical animal health and production, and provides information for use by other international livestock institutions, organizations and networks. Professor Dr Leo Dempfle Director General International Trypanotolerance Centre (ITC) PMB 14, Banjul THE GAMBIA Tel: +220 462923/9 Fax: + 220 462924/463270 email: leo. firstname.lastname@example.org