A testing time for tsetse eradication?
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CTA. 2003. A testing time for tsetse eradication?. Spore 103. CTA, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/47829
Internet URL: http://spore.cta.int/images/stories/pdf/old/spore103.pdf
Even with 100 years of experience and more than enough tools in the toolbox, the way forward for tsetse control continues to be a hotly debated subject. 'Tsetse eradication is a vision, control is a strategy' said one participant at a discussion...
Even with 100 years of experience and more than enough tools in the toolbox, the way forward for tsetse control continues to be a hotly debated subject. 'Tsetse eradication is a vision, control is a strategy' said one participant at a discussion workshop held recently by the Animal Health Programme of the British Department for International Development (DFID) on Tsetse control the next hundred years . Achieving control is an ongoing process. Measures such as the use of drugs, insecticide-treated cattle, traps and spraying, which are relatively cost-effective, need to be implemented year after year. Through such measures many farmers have already achieved effective control, although there are worrying signs of drug resistance. Sterile Insect Technique (SIT) is a dedicated eradication strategy but it has to be preceded by standard control techniques that have reduced fly numbers. Even if eradication is achieved, the threat of reinvasion remains. Moreover, controlling trypanosomosis is not the only task in hand for resource-poor farmers and eliminating this disease will not guarantee improved animal health. Other diseases, as well as poor nutrition and animal husbandry techniques, impact on productivity. And the fear of tsetse-infested areas puts added pressure on the decreasing amount of productive land available for growing populations. So what is the way forward? The scientific community is convinced that targeted schemes are economically viable, and that future disease management strategies should encompass a broad range of control options. One tool will not fit all. African Heads of State, through the establishment of the Pan-African Trypanosomosis and Tsetse Eradication Campaign (PATTEC), have given priority to tsetse control. But the right sort of commitment may have to be proved before donors provide further backing. For observations by workshop participants, visit www.new-agri.co.uk/02-6/pov.html