FROM 'LAND TENURE FORUMS' TO 'HERITAGE MANAGEMENT'
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CTA. 1998. FROM 'LAND TENURE FORUMS' TO 'HERITAGE MANAGEMENT'. Spore 75. CTA, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/48077
Internet URL: http://spore.cta.int/images/stories/pdf/old/spore75.pdf
In southern Senegal, anti-salination dams have allowed the re-development of the River Farankounda valley, one of the tributaries of the River Casamance. They have also led to renewed tension over land tenure, and to an original community...
In southern Senegal, anti-salination dams have allowed the re-development of the River Farankounda valley, one of the tributaries of the River Casamance. They have also led to renewed tension over land tenure, and to an original community initiative. Several local stakeholders (decentralised bodies, traditional authorities, farmers' groups and NGOs) came together to nip any tension in the bud. Any conflicting land claims were put forward in a land tenure forum composed of village delegates from the area, and were debated and deliberated upon. As the pattern of solutions emerged, tension fell. Ibra Ciré Ndiaye, a doctor in law who followed the initial phases of the movement, reports that it is 'an experience with promise. On 24 September 1996, a land tenure forum was held in Madia Souané in central Casamance with more than 120 participants from 38 villages in the area.'1 'Heritage management' has the same basic inspiration but is more ambitious, because it aims at changing national policies. According to one of its creators, Etienne Le Roy, 'it aims at giving the responsibility for resource management back to the user-stakeholders and, after negotiation, following the same process with heritage management, investment in the land, and the demands of sustainable development.'2 This approach has been tried in Madagascar. In the second phase of the national Environmental Plan (1996-2000), provision is made for 'heritage contracts' being made among natural resource conservationists, representatives of local communities, government and donor agencies. The first stage of work was in forest lands that were at risk, and in the fragile ecosystems of the 'Island Continent'. Later, the heritage approach will be extended to agricultural land and pastoral areas. 1 see Journal of the French Association of Volunteers (AFVP) 'Volontaires', number 21, 1997. 2 contribution to a seminar in Aix-en-Provence (June 1996), reproduced in 'Property rights and Environmenwt' (published by Dalloz, Paris, 1997).