Agricultural technology development and dissemination
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CTA. 1998. Agricultural technology development and dissemination. Spore 75. CTA, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/48111
Internet URL: http://spore.cta.int/images/stories/pdf/old/spore75.pdf
Agricultural technology development and dissemination: A case study of the Ghana and Nigeria experiencesCTA number 855, 1998,ISBN 92 9081 179X, 5 credit points.
In 1996 CTA commissioned a study that served as a working paper for the ISRA/CTA workshop held in Dakar, Senegal in 1996, entitled Effective Utilisation of Agricultural Research Results in West and Central Africa. The study, which has just been published, called for the identification of two technologies from each of five agricultural research institutes, three in Nigeria and two in Ghana. It examines the process involved in the development and dissemination of the identified technologies. The technologies from the research institutes in Nigeria include improved rice varieties, a small-scale brown-sugar production plant, cocoa and kola hybrids and a dual-purpose groundnut for fodder production. Technologies from Ghana included an improved quality protein cowpea variety and a wheat bran formulation for livestock feeds. Results showed that both Ghana and Nigeria used the farming systems research approach for technology development, and that this approach significantly strengthened the traditionally weak research-farmer linkages. For dissemination of research results, extensionists from both countries used the classical 'train and visit' system, or, in the case of Ghana, a modification of this approach, within a unified extension service ? an approach that requires that an extension agent, who is directly in contact with farmers, to deliver all messages. Finally, the study showed that for a high degree of adoption and impact, the intended beneficiaries of the technology must be actively involved in their development, and must be encouraged by a conducive policy environment, which ensures the availability of production-enhancing inputs at affordable prices complemented by tangible incentives for production. This publication will primarily interest policy-makers and planners in extension and research. CTA number 855, 1998, ISBN 92 9081 179X, 5 credit points.