PERI-URBAN AGRICULTURE TO THE FORE!
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CTA. 1998. PERI-URBAN AGRICULTURE TO THE FORE!. Spore 76. CTA, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/48136
Internet URL: http://spore.cta.int/images/stories/pdf/old/spore76.pdf
Spectacular changes are taking place in peri-urban agriculture. Market gardening takes pride of place, ranging from the success of producers who grow on sand and sell on the beaches near Lomé (Togo) to those who cultivate the sand in the city...
Spectacular changes are taking place in peri-urban agriculture. Market gardening takes pride of place, ranging from the success of producers who grow on sand and sell on the beaches near Lomé (Togo) to those who cultivate the sand in the city centre of Nouakchott (Mauritania). In Burkina Faso, there are many plots of tomatoes, potatoes and carrots near the city of Bobo Dioulasso or around Réo, capital of the province of Sanguié. The province of Bam, north of Ouagadougou, prides itself on its 'success story' with the French green bean. Plots are sited next to water storage areas, and are irrigated mechanically or by gravity. The province accounts 50% of national production (4650 tonnes in 1997), of which half is for domestic consumption. In neighbouring Niger, the chain of onion production is a striking example of how Hausa traders control speculation, from production in the Galmi/Madaoua region to the point of sale. It is they who have 70% of the share of the Abidjan onion market, 2,000 km away from the region of production. Peri-urban agriculture embraces other activities too, such as small-scale livestock and fish farming. Creation of fish ponds is increasing in Malawi and the Daloa region of Côte d'Ivoire. Grilled tilapia from these ponds is on the menu of many a street restaurant. It may be sited near the consumer market, and have lower marketing costs, but intra- or peri-urban agriculture is no substitute for rural production. It does, though, play a complementary role by increasing the diversity of agricultural produce. The development of intra- and peri-urban agriculture is an emerging trend that has caught the attention of international donor agencies. Since 1996, led by the United Nations Development programme (UNDP), they have increased their support to 'urban farming'.