Agricultural stakeholders should cultivate diversity
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CTA. 1999. Agricultural stakeholders should cultivate diversity. Spore 80. CTA, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/48386
Cultivating Diversity: Agrobiodiversity and Food Security. L.A. Thrupp. World Resources Institute, 1998. 72 pp. ISBN 156973255 8 US$20 / h 18.20 WRI 10 G Street, NE, Suite 800 Washington, DC 20002, USA Fax: +1 202 7297610 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Everyone will agree that things are not going that well with the biodiversity on our globe. Biodiversity is rapidly disappearing particularly in food production. In a recent publication of the World Resources Institute (WRI), Lori Ann Thrupp, the author, stresses the urgent need for action to incorporate biodiversity into agricultural development and to develop effective practices and policies. Although people consume around 7,000 species of plants, only about 100 commercial species account for 90% of the world's food crops. At the same time there are fewer types of farming systems and cropping patterns. A loss of diversity on farms exposes crops to pests and erratic climatic conditions. Altogether this increases farmers' vulnerability and jeopardises stability of food supply. Thrupp evaluates the impact of unsustainable agriculture. In Africa for instance, traditional and nutritious varieties are threatened by extinction because they are replaced by modern crop varieties. Fonio in Senegal and tef in Ethiopia are two examples. Thrupp also assesses current attempts to rectify the situation and proposes a set of strategic principles. At local level, these principles translate into ecological farming through integrated pest, soil, and crop management and into empowerment of local people in research and decision-making. At macro level, Thrupp argues for reforms in agricultural and economic policies and in institutions that erode biodiversity. Cultivating Diversity: Agrobiodiversity and Food Security. L.A. Thrupp. World Resources Institute, 1998. 72 pp. ISBN 156973255 8 US$20 / h 18.20 WRI 10 G Street, NE, Suite 800 Washington, DC 20002, USA Fax: +1 202 7297610 Email: email@example.com http://www.agricta.org/Spore/spore80
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