Is pest management needed or not?
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CTA. 1999. Is pest management needed or not?. Spore 80. CTA, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/48394
Pest Management and Food Production: Looking to the Future.
Food grain supply in developing countries will have to rise by 70% by 2020 to ensure secure food supply to the 6.5 billion people who will be living there. The bulk of this increase will have to come from the developing countries themselves. Expansion of irrigation or productive arable land is a limited possibility. According to a discussion paper of the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), the only solution is to raise the productivity of the available land and water resources. However, any investment in this respect would be a waste of time and money if pests destroy a substantial part of the crop. According to some researchers, overall losses due to pests are 10?15%, whilst others claim the figure to be as high as 50%, which would make it worthwhile to focus attention on improved pest management strategies. A lack of reliable data on yield losses due to pests is an important constraint. The authors stress that improvements in pest management include the development of pesticides that are less hazardous than the current ones. Furthermore, they argue that integrated pest management (IPM) promises to be the most pragmatic approach. Although there is still no universally accepted definition of IPM, in general, it means a much greater reliance on nonchemical approaches to pest management. Pest Management and Food Production: Looking to the Future. M Yudelman, A Ratta, D Nygaard. 1998. 53 pp. ISBN 0 89629 629 6 US$7 / h 6.40 IFPRI 2033 K Street NW, Washington, DC 20006-1002, USA Fax: +1 202 467 4439 Email: email@example.com http://www.agricta.org/Spore/spore80