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CTA. 1997. CIFC. Spore 72. CTA, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/48960
Internet URL: http://spore.cta.int/images/stories/pdf/old/spore72.pdf
Portugal's Centro de Investigação das Ferrugens do Cafeeiro (Centre for Research into Coffee Rusts) was created in 1955, as part of the Instituto de Investigação Científica Tropical (Institute for Tropical Scientific Research) with the aim of...
Portugal's Centro de Investigação das Ferrugens do Cafeeiro (Centre for Research into Coffee Rusts) was created in 1955, as part of the Instituto de Investigação Científica Tropical (Institute for Tropical Scientific Research) with the aim of centralizing all the research into coffee rusts through international cooperation. The activities of the CIFC thus extended to all countries where rust already existed (Asia, Africa) and to all the other countries of Latin America still free of the disease. More recently, the CIFC has embarked on the study of another coffee disease, coffee berry disease (CBD), which attacks the fruits of the coffee plant and causes them to fall, and can lead to losses in the order of 80% if there are no control measures. This disease so far exists only in Africa in the countries producing Arabica coffee and in the higher altitude areas, and is caused by the fungus Colletotrichum kahawae. The Centre is also currently working, on pure cultures of the fungus originating from all the African countries where the disease exists. All the work of the Centre has been carried out through international co-operation and, in many cases, through agreements in particular: an agreement between the CIFC and CENICAFE of Colombia has existed for over 30 years. Through this agreement, 20,000 seedlings are tested for rust resistance annually and 10,000 for resistance to CBD. As a result of this cooperation, it has already been possible for CENICAFE to launch a Colombian variety with a wide spectrum of resistance to strains of rust. The Centre has led various projects on coffee in cooperation with European countries (France, Italy and UK) and developing countries (India, Malawi, Kenya, Cameroon, São Tomé). Cashew production has also been the subject of three EU projects aimed at studying techniques of traditional and in vitro plant propagation, the selection of superior genotypes in terms of productivity and technological qualities, resistance to anthracnose (Colletotrichum gloeosporioides) and the study of this fungus using molecular biology techniques, with the cooperation of Brazil, Guinea-Bissau, Morocco and the UK. CIFC Quinta do Marquis 2780 Oeiras PORTUGAL Fax: +351 1 442 30 23 Email: email@example.com