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CTA. 1998. Kenya. Spore 74. CTA, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/49070
Internet URL: http://spore.cta.int/images/stories/pdf/old/spore74.pdf
Milk treatment using selected tree species: a case study in Trans-Nzoia District, Kenya. 1997. By W Mureithi. Moi University. A Community's initiatives to survive in a semi-arid area: the case of Kikapu, Njoro location, Nakuru, Kenya. 1997. By E M
A 300-year-old technology developed by farmers in Kenya to preserve milk should benefit from future collaboration between farmers and researchers and lead to improved use and management of trees, according to a study published by the Forestry Action Network. Milk is often treated before drinking for reasons of palatability and preservation. In the Trans-Nozia District, farmers store milk in gourds that have been coated inside by the burnt wood ash-dust of various tree species. Milk stored in such containers is considered 'treated'. Trees chosen for this purpose are multipurpose species and Cassia didymobotrya was found to be the most popular species for the task, 60% of farmers had planted it around their homes. According to the author, William Mureithi, indigenous knowledge and practices often enhance the conservation of biodiversity and can be used as the basis for developing future forest conservation and tree planting strategies. By documenting and adding to their own knowledge, conventional research can help farmers integrate into mainstream rural and economic development. The farmers choose particular trees for the milk treatment using certain criteria but the treatment itself remains subject to trial and error. The study calls for further work to provide a basis for 'horizontal learning' and communication among communities, for example, of the product market potential, and for research to help farmers raise seedlings to ensure their long-term supply of the raw product. A second study published by the Forest Action Network also sees potential in strengthening linkages between farmers and research and extension institutions to recognise traditional knowledge systems as paramount for progress in agricultural development. The authors of A Community's Initiatives to Survive in a Semi-arid Area note the advances made by farmers in solving their production problems. The farmers studied effectively combated particular diseases and pests through the use of wood ash and extracts of pyrethrum, tobacco and Mexican marigold. They devised ways of establishing tree seedlings under conditions of scarce water supplies by using wood flumes and stone quids, inverted bottles, double-digging, perforated cans, sawdust and mulch. Such techniques have promoted a steady increase in the number and species of trees grown in the district. The authors conclude that traditional knowledge can be strengthened by blending it with modern science on a greater scale than in the past. Milk treatment using selected tree species: a case study in Trans-Nzoia District, Kenya. 1997. By W Mureithi. Moi University. A Community's initiatives to survive in a semi-arid area: the case of Kikapu, Njoro location, Nakuru, Kenya. 1997. By E M Njoka and P M Makenzi. Egerton University. Forest Action Network P O Box 21428 Nairobi Kenya. Fax: +254 2 718398, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org http://www.agricta.org/Spore/spore74