Weaning food from liquefied starches
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CTA. 1993. Weaning food from liquefied starches. Spore 45. CTA, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/49146
Throughout the developing world boiled starchy grains and roots are given as weaning food to millions of children. Boiled starch is so thick and pasty that it is difficult for the very young to swallow enough to gain adequate nourishment. But the...
Throughout the developing world boiled starchy grains and roots are given as weaning food to millions of children. Boiled starch is so thick and pasty that it is difficult for the very young to swallow enough to gain adequate nourishment. But the technique of malting, as used for brewing, provides a quick and simple solution for turning boiled starches into liquid. Malting is nothing more than sprouting. In the temperate zones barley is used in malting to break down starch into sugar for producing beer, whisky, vodka etc. Finger millet and sorghum also work well. Germinated grains release enzymes that break down starch. The enzymes (amylases) are catalysts that can work repeatedly to hydrolyze the bonds that hold glucose molecules together in the long, complex strands that make up starch. Therefore a little of the sprouted grains can be ground up and used to break down and liquefy other starches. A very small quantity of malted millet/sorghum flour added to a pot of hot mush made from maize meal, cassava arrowroot potato or other boiled staples, turns it to liquid in minutes. This process produces food liquid enough (or a baby to swal-low but dense enough to be filling. The starch has become predigested by the process and palatable because it is mostly in the form of sugar. The advantages are that the process can be carried out in any household, rural or urban. It requires no imported or manufactured ingredients. In many communities malted grains are already available for making beer and only a little need be set aside to make a digestible food for babies and young children. Noel Vietmeyer National of Sciences 2101 Constitution Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20418 USA