Rice self-sufficiency for PNG?
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CTA. 1993. Rice self-sufficiency for PNG?. Spore 45. CTA, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/49151
Papua New Guinea currently imports 160,000 tonnes of rice per year at an annual cost of US$40 million. The country produces only 570 tonnes of rice, or less than 1% of national requirements annually. Rice is becoming the staple food of the majority...
Papua New Guinea currently imports 160,000 tonnes of rice per year at an annual cost of US$40 million. The country produces only 570 tonnes of rice, or less than 1% of national requirements annually. Rice is becoming the staple food of the majority of Papua New Guineans. Sharply declining prices for PNG's major export crops of coffee, cocoa and copra, coupled with increasing population growth of 2.4% per year make it imperative to find some way of increasing domestic production of rice. PNG has the potential to become not only self-sufficient but an important rice producer in the area. There are over 2 million hectares of unutilized land suitable for irrigated, rainfed lowland and upland rice production. With the specalized rices currently available, 140,000 hectares of these lands have the potential for two rice crops a year. The PNG government, determined to achieve near self-sufficincy in rice, requested help from the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) and in September last year signed an agreement to work with IRRI over the next five years to build up PNG's rice research capabilities. Research is being carried out to overcome problems that have previously been encountered when growing rice in PNG. There is a need to make rice farming more profitable and sustainable for both the smallholder and the large-scale commercial sectors. IRRI PO Box 933 1099 Manila PHILIPPINES