ISNAR research reports on biotechnology
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CTA. 1994. ISNAR research reports on biotechnology. Spore 50. CTA, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/49376
Agricultural biotechnology in developing countries by John Komen and Gabrielle Persley 1993 ISNAR Research Report 2 45pp Intellectual property rights for agricultural biotechnology: options and implications for developing countries by Jeroen van W
Agricultural biotechnology in developing countries Growing numbers of governments in developing countries are investing in infrastructure and human resources to support national biotechnology programmes. At the same time, they are adopting policies to facilitate biotechnology R&D in both the public and private sectors. ISNAR's Research Report 2 provides a comparison of the different approaches taken by ten country governments to stimulate biotechnology research. The experiences discussed include an analysis of the institutional organization adopted, a description as to how the governments of these countries manage the regulatory aspects of biotechnology (bio-safety and intellectual property rights), and how they address issues constraining further development of agricultural biotechnology. Agricultural biotechnology in developing countries by John Komen and Gabrielle Persley 1993 ISNAR Research Report 2 45pp Intellectual property rights for agricultural biotechnology Policy makers in developing countries responsible for national agricultural research are considering the implications of adopting intellectual property rights for biotechnology. The impetus for these deliberations comes from many factors including the desire of developing countries to acquire and use new technologies in agricultural research, and the pressure exerted on developing countries in international negotiations to strengthen their intellectual property legislation. The introductory chapters of this report summarize the increasing significance of intellectual property rights for agricultural biotechnology and current international trade and development-related debates on IPR and developing-country responses to these issues. An analysis is then provided of the complexities, options and implications regarding IPR in relation to three national technology objectives: acquiring either public or proprietary biotechnologies, developing and protecting national innovations, and choices for technology transfer and licensing. Intellectual property rights for agricultural biotechnology: options and implications for developing countries by Jeroen van Wijk, Joel Cohen and John Komen 1993 ISNAR Research Report 3 39pp