Aid to agriculture
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CTA. 1994. Aid to agriculture. Spore 52. CTA, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/49455
Aid to agriculture: reversing the decline by Joachim von Braun F Hopkins Detlev Puetz and Rajul Pandya-Lorch International Food Policy Research Institute 1200 Seventeenth Street N W Washington DC 20036-3006 USA
Despite continuing food crises in the developing world, agricultural development assistance from major governments and international institutions has declined since the early 1980s. This decline in external assistance could be justified only if the food situation was improving in developing countries, rural poverty were diminishing, and if they were becoming more capable of meeting their needs for the services that are essential for agricultural growth. International development assistance can help over come domestic financial, technical, and human resource con straints that hamper the ability of developing-country govern meets to provide the needed services. Following a food crisis in 1973 74, external assistance to low and middle-income countries increased rapidly. But in the firs half of the 1980s, slow growth in the industrialized countries themselves led to a decline in the total flow of aid and thus to diminished aid to agriculture Agriculture's share of total development fell from 20% to 14% during this period. Three major political forces contributed to the downward trend of assistance to agriculture in the 1980sOne was the interests of domestic farm groups in donor countries, another was the international lending interests, and the third was the interest of government of officials in investing in agriculture. To reverse the decline in agricultural aid to these countries, several priorities need to be established: increased financial support must be given to sustainable agricultural growth; commitment to agriculture must be both high priority and long-term; capabilities of low-income countries to develop and implement food and agricultural policies must be strengtened to lessen their dependence on aid allocations by major donors; and political and bureau-cratic obstacles to increased agricultural lending must be recognized and overcome in the recipient countries. Aid to agriculture: reversing the decline by Joachim von Braun F Hopkins Detlev Puetz and Rajul Pandya-Lorch International Food Policy Research Institute 1200 Seventeenth Street N W Washington DC 20036-3006 USA